One day tour:
12 hours (Approx.)
210 km (10km Off- Road)
Meeting Nomads, Miraculous glacier, waterfall, swimming in the river (seasonal), Action River, Fountains, Eating Nomadic food, Hiking in the mountains.
Extra shoes or slippers, pants or shorts (for men only), head torch, Towel, Sun cream, Cap
Transportation, English Speaker Guide, Special Meal
What You Can Expect:
We pick you up from your hotel; head off to beginning sources of Zayandeh Rood River in Zagros Mountains range (4200 m altitude). We will eat breakfast on the way and change the car with an off road car after 3 hours drive watching scenic view of Zagros Mountains and continue the way to glacier then we start hiking on Zagros Mountains, action river and Glacier. We will eat our lunch with nomads, feeling and experiencing how they live and come back to Isfahan visiting a beautiful waterfall on the way.
The Zagros Mountains has a total length of 1500km and begins In northwestern Iran and ends at the strait of Hormuz. Zardkooh is one of the highest mountains of Zagros mountains chains. There is a miraculous glacier which has icy cave from June every year.
Bakhtiari and nomadic people:
The term "Bakhtiari" refers to a group of people and to the area they occupy. The Bakhtiari inhabit about 156,000 square kilometers in and near the central Zagros Mountains of Iran. The most recent estimates place their population at about 700,000 in the 1980s. The Bakhtiari are traditionally nomadic pastoralists who make their winter encampments in the low hills along the narrow fringe of the northeast Khūzestān plain and their summer pastures in the intermontane valleys. Some also find summer pastures at the western edge of the central plateau, which is also the permanent habitat for a sedentary village population. Other Bakhtiari lives in permanent agricultural settlements throughout the larger area, except at the highest elevations.
Sheep and goats are the basis of the Bakhtiari economy, and Bakhtiari nomadism arises from the search for pastures. Sheep and goat products are used for subsistence and for economic exchange with the sedentary population.
The family is the basic unit of production and of flock- and landownership, as well as of political and social organization. Families cooperate in the sharing of pastures. At successive levels of segmentation, families regroup and redefine themselves under different political and kin headings. The smallest political/kin unit is the rish safid, and successively higher units include kalantars (headmen), khans (chiefs), and an ilkhani (paramount chief of the entire confederation).
The confederation, Il-i-Bakhtiari (ii, tribe) is the unit that includes all those who live in the territory, speak a subdialect of the Luri dialect of Persian, and acknowledge the leadership of the khans and the ilkhani. Historically, the Bakhtiari have been divided into two major sections, the Haft Lang and the Chahar Lang, but in contemporary times the most important division has been Ilkhani and Hajji Ilkhani (two moieties from which the ilkhani were chosen).
Migration, competition for scarce resources, and the need for exchange with sedentary groups create a potential for many conflicts in Bakhtiari society. Add to that the pressures of external conflict with other tribes, including defending tribal territory, and the demands of the central government, and it becomes clear that there is a need for khans as mediators and intermediaries. Traditionally, the power of the khans and ilkhani comes from personal abilities as well as the inherent power of the position. It is based on the benefits they can provide, the respect they attain through birth, their coercive capabilities within the tribe, and the support given to them by the central government or by outside sources of power.
During the winter zanditours host tourists in Chelgerd Ski resorts with cable car and professional ski instructors facilities.
More information can be found here.